Activities – The illusion of movement is seen as activity in design. Therefore, activities are actually static. Repetition and frequency or rhythm can play into activity through alignment and positioning. Repetition can be any sort of shared prominent characteristic throughout many repeated objects, and rhythm just refers to the repeating distance between those objects allowing a sense of frequency to be acquired throughout the pieces. Mirroring can be a direct reflection across an axis, or it can consist of a reflection against a volume. The volume mirroring transpires when an original object is reflected into a different item, distorting the view of the original, making the light reform its shape. Rotating objects along a bath, whether it is circular or elliptical, is another way to show easily show activity and movement. Upscaling and downscaling/changing the size of an object by increasing it either vertically or horizontally can add movement to objects as well. Repetition and frequency, when used along a path, can create this sense of movement. I say “sense,” because in reality, movement is only possible as a force that is not still on a page. Visual movement however, can still be created as an illusion, when a path gives a directional lead to repeated, rotated, enlarged, and/or scattered objects. (Christian Leborg - Visual Grammar) On “Write Design Online,” rhythm is described by repetition and arrangement. I felt as if this depiction of movement on this website was much more informative about rhythm in particular, which in my opinion, is the key attribute to activity in design. This website discussed the different types of rhythm by explaining the difference between regular rhythm, flowing rhythm and progressive rhythm. Regular rhythm consists of the space between elements being relatively the same in size and shape, and flowing rhythm is more organic. Flowing rhythm seemed to show movement and activity more through line than separated objects. Progressive rhythm shows an arrangement of objects within a series of phases. Size, overlapping, direction, and other elements of design discussed on this site also appealed to me when it comes to discussing how the relationship between forms can create “static” movement. Though movement is a human form that cannot really appear on paper, there are many ways that we can depict movement even in a still and flat manner, and all of it depends on the placement and this relationship between objects. Direction was talked about on this site as something “only possible when shapes or forms show a definite sense of direction without the slightest ambiguity.” (http://www.writedesignonline.com/resources/design/rules/rhythm-pattern.html )
This design photo shows repetition and overlap, which adds an obvious movement to the piece, and sense of activity using time, though this is a still picture.
There is rotation shown in this image through pathways that lead our eye in an oval-like motion around a globe figure. This sort of rotation is what implies activity and movement so gracefully.
The reflection in this image shows movement by making the eye continue to look in both directions (above and below) the horizon line. The direct reflection keeps us guessing as to what was mimicked, and what was the original.
The size of the lightbulbs in this image give depth and perspective, which is another way of showing movement from one object to the next. There is a sense of activity by showing that the closest lightbulb is being pushed up at the moment, and that the past smaller lightbulbs have already gone through that same process before.