Objects are created by boundaries. A space with limitations is what makes up the creation of an object to the human eye. Whether these boundaries are organic, geometric, or random, they are all legible signs or articles. The size of these objects that are created by boundaries plays a huge role in their function. However, the purpose of the size in relation to its placement can also differ depending on the perspective of the viewer and the context in which they are looking at it. Color, and more specifically hue (the wavelength of a color), tone (lightness/darkness), and saturation (ratio of hue/white content), is also an important aspect to an objects meaning. Similar to the abstract structures discussed earlier in Leborg’s book, texture can come into play with an object in abstract form. Whether it is a formal, informal, gradation, radiation, or spiral texture, this element of an object exists to give depth and dimension to objects. The texture can consist of lines or objects. An object, that’s form depends on its structure lines to define it, is called a concrete structure. Similarly, visible structures are structures with visible structure lines, and they can consist of lines and objects or just lines. Active structures however, occur when the lines influence the form of the objects within the overall structure. To be active, a structure does not have to be visible. (Christian Leborg - Visual Grammar) In a blog written by Steven Bradley, the function of structures and their forms are further discussed. Though Leborg tells some of the reasoning behind placement and size, this blog talked about how the whitespace within or around planes and surfaces can be filled in with color and pattern, which can create “surface activity”. I also liked how the author of this blog touched on the “dot” building block of surface and structures, relating this topic back to it’s initial stages of form and line. I found it very interesting how this blog talked about pattern and texture, as well. Bradley explained the differences between pattern and texture as being a difference of structure vs. random placing. Pattern is described as something repetitive and predictable, whereas texture is thought of as something irregular and organic, something that can vary from line to line or shape to shape. Implied texture is the only kind of texture that can be shown on the web, for according to this blog, texture is physical, and something that we can feel whether it be soft, hard, smooth, or tough. The surface activity is an important aspect to a structure and color, texture, pattern and size make up this important element in design.
This image represents texture being created by lines and dots, making up different objects, and structures. Some of this repetitive texture could be thought of as pattern according to the blog post I found, and partly a “gradation” texture according to Leborg. (Marius Roosendaal iPhone WP)
The hues, tints, shades, and different saturations in these colors are filling in objects and making lines to separate individual structures. (Coloured Voronoi 3D slice.png - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
This structure made of depth, line and color, changes meaning based on its placement, and that perspective can then further change based on who is viewing it. (Yesstudio.co.uk imageholderbcloseup.jpg)
These cats act as objects, which because of their size relative to their environment look small. However, if one was focusing in on a smaller section of this image, the cat’s size may be relatively larger. (Sedki Al Imam de.sign)